Video tutorial: cold process soap making

This is my first attempt of making a video tutorial, so bare with me if some parts of it is explained too fast or I babble a little. Also, at the time of making the video I had been spending some time in Denmark, so my usual Indian accent is mixed with a danish accent.

Feel free to ask questions in the comment section if something is not clear from the tutorial. I will leave the recipe below for reference.

Base recipe – 1000 grams:

  • 250 grams coconut oil
  • 200 grams olive oil
  • 150 grams mango butter
  • 200 grams canola oil
  • 100 grams castor oil
  • 100 grams sesame oil

Lye & Coconut milk:

  • Lye – 141.77 grams
  • Coconut milk – 425.30 grams

Additives:Ā 

Batch 1 – 800 grams – scented:

  • 50 ml cedar wood oil
  • 25 ml lemon grass oil
  • Aronia powder

Batch 2 – 200 grams – unscented:

  • Paprika powder

 

 

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The Best Hand-washing Soap (100% coconut soap – with recipe)

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There is a lot of misinformation out there on what it takes to keep your hands clean (and soft) – at least if you ask me. I’m not a professional in neither biology or any other science, so if I ever find sufficient (trustworthy) evidence to prove the contrary I will be the first to admit I was wrong. Though until then, I will insist that the very best thing to wash your hands with is plain old fashioned handmade soap! Actually I intentionally try to avoid any stronger stuff, such as commercial antibacterial soaps like Dettol. If you want to explore this topic further you can start by reading:Ā Dangers of Antibacterial Soap (Dettol)Ā andĀ Commercial vs. Handmade soaps. This post though will focus on my own alternative to products like antibacterial soaps, including the recipe I use, so that you can make your own. If you have never made soap before you can read about the process here:Ā How to make natural soap.

The soap I prefer to wash my hands with (and the star of this post) is pure coconut soap. First of all, using 100% coconut oil makes a rock solid bar of soap, which can withstand the moist environment in many bathrooms. Additionally coconut oil is a strong cleanser, perfect for hand washing. A very common misconception about coconut soap is that it dries out the skin, but there’s a very basic trick to solve this: super fat! Super fat is a soapers term describing leaving some of the oil in the soap, , without being saponified (made into soap). This adds extra moisture to the soap. A normal batch of soap will have a super fat of between 5% and 7%, since more might make the soap too soft, but since coconut oil makes a rock solid bar of soap it can have a super fat up to 30%.

The second secret to great hand soap is essential oils. Essential oils doesn’t only add scent to a soap, but also different properties, depending on the essential oil you use. Tea tree, cinnamon and sweet orange essential oil, amongst others have antibacterial properties, making them great ingridients for hand soap. In this soap I’ve added lemongrass and sweet essential oil – which also smells divine.

My mold is 900 grams, so this is the recipe I’ve used:

  • 900 grams of coconut oil
  • 342 grams of Water
  • 140 grams sodium hydroxide
  • 40 ml Lemon grass essential oil (optional)
  • 50 ml Sweet orange essential oil (optional)
  • 1 spoon Aloe vera gel (optional) – added in the lye

Suoerfat is at 15%

The last three ingredients are optional and can be exchanged or completely left out. I prefer to keep the essential oils at 10 ml per 100 grams of base oils (carrier oils), but many use less than that. If you want to make less or more than this recipe, simply run it through your preferred soap calculator,

//Louise

Old Fashioned Waffles (with Baileys Cream)

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I’m still very excited about my new old fashioned waffle iron, so this morning I decided to make some good old fashioned waffles. Since I had bought some Baileys the day before, I mixed it into some creme fraise with honey to go with the waffles. All in all it turned out super delicious, so I thought I would share the recipe here.

Old Fashioned Waffled (MakesĀ approx.Ā 4 waffles)Ā 

Ingredients:Ā 

Waffles:

  • 200 g all purpose flour
  • 1 tsp baking powder
  • 75 melted butter
  • 4 dl milk
  • 1 egg
  • Sugar or honey (optional)

Baileys creme:Ā 

  • Creme Fraise
  • Honey
  • Baileys

How to make it:Ā 

  1. Melt the butter and mix in the egg and milk
  2. Combine baking powder and flour in a separate bowl
  3. Add the dry ingredients to the liquid ones, until the batter is slightly thick
  4. Melt butter on the waffle iron and close it so it spreads
  5. Pour the batter on the hot iron, and turn (if it’s an old fashioned waffle iron)
  6. Mix the creme to taste

Enjoy!

//Louise

‘Stone Age Bread’- gluten free alternative to danish style rye bread

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I’m currently spending some time at my best friends place, and she is an incredible cook. So when we bought some ‘Stone Age’ bread’ mix, she instantly said she could give me a better recipe than the premix. And then she did!

Stone Age bread is a made entirely up of seeds, nuts, eggs and oil. This combination makes it both gluten free and lactose free – as well as full of proteins, fibers and healthy oils (from the seeds and nuts). Another thing I love about it is how filling it is! Now lets get to the recipe and process.

Creating the recipe

Another great aspect of Stone Age bread is that you can customize it according to your own liking, and availability of different ingredients. The base ingredients remains the same – eggs, oil and salt – but the rest can be mixed however you want. Only rule is that the flexible ingredients needs to make up 600 grams all in all.

So just to make it completely clear – you create the recipe by choosing your flexible ingredients, as well as optional ingredients – while the base ingredients remains the same. The ingredients are:

Base ingredients:Ā 

  • 5 eggs
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1 dl oil (canola, sunflower, coconut, olive or other)

FlexibleĀ ingredients:Ā 

1. Seeds: 350-400 grams

  • Sesame seeds
  • Flax seeds
  • Chia seeds
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Sunflower seeds

2. Nuts: 150-200 grams

  • Almonds
  • Wallnuts
  • Hazelnuts
  • Pecan nuts
  • Cashew nuts
  • Macadamia nuts

OptionalĀ ingredients (added by eye measure):

  • Dried berries (cranberries, goji berries, dates etc)
  • Spices (salt, chilly flakes, garlic etc.)
  • Herbs (thyme, rosemary etc.)

How to make it

  1. Measure out your seeds and nuts and collect it in a bowl
  2. Add the egg, salt and oil and mix thoroughly
  3. Add any other optional ingredients and mix
  4. Fill the batter into a greased bread form
  5. Bake in preheated oven at 160 degrees for 1 hour
  6. Take the bread out of the form when it has cooled down

The bread will last for a week in the fridge. You can also cut it out and freeze it, and then toast the individual pieces before serving. Its delicious with cheese and different speeds. I had it this morning with some danish blue cheese and avocado. Yum!

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That was it for now. Feel free to leave a comment –

//Louise

How to form a liquid soap recipe

 

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When I started making natural liquid soap, I realized that there’s a lot less information on this process, than there is on solid soap making (both cold and hot process). This goes especially for info on how to combine oils in the right percentages to make a great liquid soap recipe. After a lot of searching and experimenting, I’ve gotten a basic idea on the things to consider when forming a liquid soap recipe. I would like to share what I’ve learned with you in this post, including a few examples of recipes I’ve used. If you have never made liquid soap, or would like to give it try, you can start out by reading:Ā How to make natural liquid soap.

In the postĀ How to form a soap recipe, I explain the process of forming a recipe for solid soap, and there’s a few things that are very different when forming a liquid soap recipe.

1. Liquid soap can contain high amounts of soft oils

Solid soap is all about making the bar hard and long lasting. This means that a lot of oils can’t be used in high quantities, because they make a soft and sticky bar of soap. These are called soft oils – meaning that they are fluid at all times (coconut, palm and mango butter are examples of hard oils, because they turn solid at certain temperatures). Liquid soap formulas on the other hand can easily contain high amounts of soft oils, since you don’t have to worry about the soap turning soft. Examples of soft oils are sunflower, sweet almond, avocado, safflower, sastor and canola oil.

2. Liquid soap needs high amounts of coconut oil

Coconut oil is a must in most soap formulations, because it gives great cleansing properties and abundant lather. Though in solid soap, coconut oil isn’t used above 30 percent, because it makes the soap drying (unless it’s super fatted properly. Read:Ā 3 Coconut Soaps ā€“ for hair, body and clothes). Liquid soap on the other hand needs high amounts of coconut oil, to give proper lather and is often used between 60-90% of the total soap formulation. I’ve not experienced it to make the soap drying, properly because of the added water.

3. Liquid soap isn’t super fattedĀ 

To Superfat a soap is to leave some of the oil ‘unsaponified’ in the soap, but since liquid soap has added water, the excess oil would just float on the top of the final soap. This means that it’s pointless superfatting liquid soap, the same way you would in solid. Though there’s two ways to do it, which is to add glycerin or sulfated castor oil, which are both water soluble.

4. Liquid soap gets cloudy if certain oils are usedĀ 

This is of absolutely no importance to me personally, but for many soapers it’s important to keep the liquid soap completely clear (not cloudy). Some oils make liquid soap cloudy because they contain high amounts of ‘unsaponifiables’ (oil that can’t be made into soap), and is therefore left as oil in the final soap, that creates cloudy masses. Examples of these are palm oil, lard, tallow and all types of butters (cocoa, mango, Shea etc.). It’s recommended only to add these at 5% of the total recipe, if you want to keep the soap clear.

Another way this is ensured is to make the soap with higher amounts of potassium hydroxide and then neutralizing the soap at the end. This won’t work though if there’s too much ‘unsaponifiables’ in the recipe, so either way first rule is key.

How to formulate a recipe

To make this guide more simple, I will write down a general guide and then mention the exceptions in the section with recipes. According to me there’s three parts to a great soap recipe, with the option of excluding the third category. These are:

1. Coconut oil – 60% to 90% of theĀ recipeĀ 

Coconut oil is a must, in any amount from 60% to 90%. I’ve tried all the ranges, and from what I can feel, the biggest change is how abundant the lather is. Though I would say the more sensitive your skin is, or if you want to make soap for children, the smaller amounts of coconut oil should be used. Baby soap is the only time I would add less than 50% coconut oil – and accept the soap will just lather less.

2. Soft oils – 10% to 40% of the recipeĀ 

Soft oils serves to add moisture to your soap, and also to keep the price down. What’s great about liquid soap recipes, is that a lot of really cheap oil makes for great components in high quantities. These are for example sunflower, canola, safflower and castor oil. Other examples are sweet almond oil, avocado oil and apricot kernel. Olive oil isn’t technically a soft oil, but is also a very moisturizing oil. Therefore it can also be added to the recipe as a soft oil.

3. Hard oils – 5% of theĀ recipeĀ 

Hard oils can add some extra body to your soap, but needs to be added in less than 5% if you prefer an unclouded soap. Though, since I don’t care I’ve added up to 15% and loved the outcome. Examples are cocoa butter, shea butter, mango butter and kokum butter. Personally I don’t use palm oil, because of its environmental concerns but I’ve heard it’s great for liquid soap. Additionally are tallow and lard, which I also don’t use.

These three in combination will make a great recipe. Let’s take some examples.

Liquid soap recipies

1. The super lathering oneĀ 

  • 90% Coconut oil
  • 10% Castor oil

2. The cheap oneĀ 

  • 60% Coconut oil
  • 10% Castor oil
  • 30% Sunflower or Safflower oil

3. The Luxurious oneĀ 

  • 60% coconut oil
  • 10% castor
  • 25% sweet almond or avocado oil
  • 5% mango, kokum or shea Butter

Now to the exceptions:

3. The baby soapĀ 

  • 100% olive oil

4. The cleaning soap (for a sparkling house or super clean laundry)

  • 100% coconut oil

I’m a bit apprehensive writing a baby soap recipe containing coconut oil, since I don’t have much experience with it. But from what I can deduct it could work with small amounts of coconut oil and high amounts of soft oil – if you want to avoid using olive oil.

This was all I could cook up for now. I’m not nearly as experienced in liquid soap as I am in cold process soap making, so feel free to write in the comment section if you disagree with something or have other input – I’d love to hear it!

//Louise

Breakfast Waffles (Gluten free)

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The other day I found an old fashioned waffle iron in a second hand shop, and absolutely just had to have it! One thing I love about Denmark is the well organized, high quality but still cheap, second hand shops to be found in almost any town.

I’ve never really taken any sides in the ‘is gluten bad for you’ conversation, but I do acknowledge that a lot of gluten products are high in fast carbohydrates and starch – which can be unhealthy if eaten in excess. For that reason I’m always experimenting with gluten alternatives in my baking and cooking, and of course I wanted to try this out with my waffles as well. I also made them dairy free, since a family member is intolerant, but they will turn out just as great with milk. In case you don’t have a waffle iron, this can be made as pancakes as well. I made them with some creme fraise mixed with honey and vanilla powder, topped with blue berries.

Ingredients (4 waffles):Ā 

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  • 4 dl oats
  • 4 eggs
  • 4 dl rice milk, almond milk, soya milk or regular milk
  • 1 banana (optional)
  • 1 tsp vanilla powder (optional)

How to make it:Ā 

  1. Mix all the ingredients in a mixer or blender and blend till smooth
  2. Heat the waffle iron or pan on the stove
  3. Grease the iron with butter and let melt
  4. Make your waffles, greasing the waffle iron according to need (if using an old waffle iron you will need to turn it manually)

Since the waffles look like little hearts, they could make a pretty cute birthday breakfast or just as a Sunday surprise for a loved one. They can also be served with ice cream or whipped cream to make it more of a dessert, or even be made into food waffles – with some spices and herbs, but thats a project for next time.

Here’s the final result – and with that, I will end this post. Feel free to leave a comment or question below.

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